Torn meniscus

A torn meniscus is one of the most common knee injuries. In particular, this kind of injury is most often caused by forceful twisting of the knee joint during sports activities.

What exactly is a meniscus?

Meniscus is one of the most important parts of the knee anatomy. The joint of the knee has two menisci, the inner (medial) and the outer (lateral), which are two large C-shaped fibrocartilages rich in collagen and water.  Menisci are positioned between the ends of the femur and lower tibia leg bones and protect the joint surfaces of the knee. These anatomic elements ensure the stability of the joint whilst absorbing the shock placed on it during activities.

What are the causes of a torn meniscus?

The meniscus tears can result after a forced twisting injury. It is one of the most common sports injuries that occurs most frequently in young people. However, older adults can also experience it due to degeneration. The loss of elasticity of the meniscus car also result to ruptures.  

What are the most common symptoms of the torn meniscus?

The most common symptom of the torn meniscus is the pain on the inside (medial) and outside (lateral) of the knee. Patients with torn meniscus usually experience the following symptoms:

  • Knee swelling due to excess fluid on the knee joint
  • Knee instability
  • Catching or locking of the knee joint
  • Stiffness
  • Inability to fully extend or bend the knee

How is a meniscus tear diagnosed?

A torn meniscus can be identified after a physical examination and conduct of a thorough health history of the patient. The specialized orthopaedic surgeon will submit the patient to special tests in order to detect the rupture. To confirm the injury, it is necessary to perform imaging diagnostic tests such as x-ray in order to exclude other kind of injuries and MRI.

 

Torn meniscus – How is it treated?

The surgical treatment of the torn meniscus is necessary in order to effectively protect the joint and regain its full function. The rapid development of orthopaedic surgery has allowed the meniscus repair with anthroscopy.

Knee anthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that allows partial meniscectomy or repair. The procedure is performed with two small incisions of 0,5 cm from where the anthroscope is inserted. Thanks to the anthroscope the orthopaedic surgeon has an excellent image of the inside of the knee.

Knee anthroscopy – what are the benefits for the patient?

Knee anthroscopy to treat meniscal tears has many advantages for the patient:

  • Excellent functional result
  • Protection of the adjacent tissues
  • Immediate discharge of the patient from the hospital
  • Rapid return to the patients’ daily activities
  • Minimization of the post-operative pain
  • Minimization of complications

Petros Boudogiannis, Orthopaedics Surgeon is using the latest and less invasive and bloodless techniques and applies all Rehabilitation Protocols and follows the International Guidelines.  

Among others, he has many years of experience in performing the knee anthroscopy to treat knee injuries.

For questions, do not hesitate to contact the doctor who will assist you to find the most effective solution in your heathl problem.